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tlhIngan Hol

IPA pIqaD
/bɛn/ 

DIp

Segh:tlhIngan Hol DIpmey


ben

  1. (TKD 80,161)
    • cha' vatlh ben
    (200 years ago. - HQ 8:3)
    • vagh SanID ben buDbe' wamwI'pu'
    (5,000 years ago, hunters were not lazy. - st.k 11/99)


qID

Segh:qIDmey

  • This word sounds like the English word been, as in "How long has it been?"

yImugh


DIp

Segh:tlhIngan Hol DIpmey


ben

  1. (KGT 211,264)
    • cha'vatlh ben HIq vItlhutlh.
    (I will drink two century old ale. - PK)
    • loSmaH ben jIboghpu'
    (I am 40 years old.; I was born 40 years ago. - st.k 12/96)

yImugh


Usage

Okrand from st.k 12/12/96:

The word {ben} can be used to mean "years old", but in Klingon, one doesn't say "I am X years old". The phrase {loSmaH ben jIH}, if anything, would mean "40-year-old me" or the like. It would parallel {cha'vatlh ben HIq} "Two Century Old Wine". "I am 40 years old" would be expressed as: {loSmaH ben jIboghpu'}. This is "I was born 40 years ago". As is normal in Klingon sentences, the time element (in this case, {loSmaH ben} "40 years ago") comes first.

HQ 8.3:

With longer time periods, such as a century ({vatlh DIS poH}), or a period of 10,000 years (myriad, perhaps) ({netlh DIS poH}), the words {ret} or {pIq} may be used in place of {poH}, e.g., {cha' vatlh DIS poH} "two centuries", but {cha' vatlh DIS ret} "two centuries ago". The phrase {cha' vatlh ben} would mean "200 years ago". The choice of construction depends on what is being emphasized: in this case, the total number of centuries (two) or the total number of years (200).

The words: Hu', leS, wen, waQ, ben and nem appear to be used mainly as suffixes.

poHmey

ago from now
jajmey

Days

Hu'

days ago

leS

days from now

jarmey

Months

wen

months ago

waQ

months from now

  • wejwen - three months ago
  • javwaQ - six months from now
DISmey

Years

ben

years ago

nem

years from now

  • wa'ben - last year; one year ago
  • cha'ben - two years ago
  • wa'nem - next year; one year from now
  • cha'nem - two years from now
poHmey

period of time

ret

time period ago

pIq

time period from now

  • cha' tup ret - two minutes ago
  • cha' tup pIq - two minutes from now

Segh:poHmey

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